Sports (14) It comes from the Latin name of the province of Hispania that included the current territory of the Iberian Peninsula. However, it is experiencing a minor revival among Sephardi communities, especially in music. > International Ready for a new home? [227][better source needed] Generally, it can be said that there are zones of exclusive use of tuteo (the use of tú) in the following areas: almost all of Mexico, the West Indies, Panama, most of Colombia, Peru, Venezuela and coastal Ecuador. Topix | also receive accents in direct or indirect questions, and some demonstratives (ése, éste, aquél, etc.) Travel Live-Radio.net In the case of the Latin American communities, the danger of extinction is also due to the risk of assimilation by modern Castilian. Judaeo-Spanish is in serious danger of extinction because many native speakers today are elderly as well as elderly olim (immigrants to Israel) who have not transmitted the language to their children or grandchildren. Like other Greek island cities, Chania has a long and varied history which has created a cultural hub. Use our apartment finder to search premier apartments in prime locations across the globe and find your dream home today. Newswires Therefore, its relationship to Spanish is comparable with that of the Yiddish language to German. Medieval Catalan (e.g. Humor "[29], From the sixteenth century onwards, the language was taken to the Spanish-discovered America and the Spanish East Indies via Spanish colonization of America. In the European Union, Spanish is the mother tongue of 8% of the population, with an additional 7% speaking it as a second language. the genesis of "portuñol/portunhol, "United States. Horoscope Interrogative and exclamatory clauses are introduced with inverted question and exclamation marks (¿ and ¡, respectively). 14% of the population speaks Spanish natively and other 74% as a second language: There are 740,000 Hispanics in Canada in 2015, according to "Hispanovation: La creciente influencia hispánica en Canadá" (Social Media Week in Toronto): 25,000 Spanish students in the university + 5,000 in the "Instituto Cervantes", The Spanish 1970 census claims 16.648 Spanish speakers in Western Sahara (, Eleanor Greet Cotton, John M. Sharp (1988), harvcoltxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFPenny2000 (, Often considered to be a substratum word. In addition, articles and some pronouns and determiners have a neuter gender in their singular form. Some instances of the mid vowels /e/ and /o/, determined lexically, alternate with the diphthongs /je/ and /we/ respectively when stressed, in a process that is better described as morphophonemic rather than phonological, as it is not predictable from phonology alone. Yahoo! Today, Spanish is present alongside Arabic in the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, although this entity receives limited international recognition and the number of Spanish speakers is unknown. College Spanish is also spoken by immigrant communities in other European countries, such as the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. Spanish is also used in administration in the state of New Mexico. Critics Weather, Newspapers According to the Royal Spanish Academy, español derives from the Provençal word espaignol and that, in turn, derives from the Vulgar Latin *hispaniolus. Article XIV, Sec 7: "For purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and, until otherwise provided by law, English. The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations observance that aimed to raise awareness of the achievements of light science and its applications, and its importance to humankind. farina). Spanish is by far the most common second language in the US, with over 50 million total speakers if non-native or second-language speakers are included. [15], Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, and it is also used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the African Union and many other international organizations. Food [61], Aside from standard Spanish, a Spanish-based creole language called Chavacano developed in the southern Philippines. Exceptions to this rule are indicated by placing an acute accent on the stressed vowel. States (50) Areas of generalized voseo include Argentina, Nicaragua, eastern Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Uruguay and the Colombian departments of Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio and Valle del Cauca.[226]. (vos), volved! Judaeo-Spanish, also known as Ladino,[236] is a variety of Spanish which preserves many features of medieval Spanish and Portuguese and is spoken by descendants of the Sephardi Jews who were expelled from Spain in the 15th century. Business Paraguay (1927),[256] Dominican Republic (1927),[257] Bolivia (1927),[258] Nicaragua (1928),[259] Argentina (1931),[260] Uruguay (1943),[261] Honduras (1949),[262] Puerto Rico (1955),[263] United States (1973)[264] and Equatorial Guinea (2016). Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, 2005, p. 271–272. [35] Spanish is an official language of the European Union. [78] With continued immigration and increased use of the language domestically in public spheres and media, the number of Spanish speakers in the United States is expected to continue growing over the forthcoming decades.[79]. As of 2020, it is estimated that about 463 million people speak Spanish as a native language, making it the second most spoken language by number of native speakers. The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century,[5] and the first systematic written use of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century. Despite an English-Only Drive", "15 datos sobre el peso del español en EEUU que Donald Trump debería ver", "Argentinian census INDEC estimate for 2021", https://www.one.gob.do/demograficas/proyecciones-de-poblacion/poblacion-estimada-y-proyectada, "South America :: Bolivia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", El español: una lengua viva – Informe 2019, "South America :: Paraguay — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "Annual Mid year Population Estimates: 2013", Spanish in the world 2012 (Instituto Cervantes), "FILIPINAS / Vigoroso regreso del español", "World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revi sion, Key Findings and Advance Tables", El español en el contexto Sociolingüístico marroquí: Evolución y perspectivas (page 39), "An increasingly diverse linguistic profile: Corrected data from the 2016 Census", "2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013", "Belize Airports Analysis | Statistical Institute of Belize", "Demografía de la lengua española", page 35, Evolution de la population par sexe de 1976 à 2012, "Press Release on Major Figures of the 2010 National Population Census", "Population – Key Indicators | Latvijas statistika", "::Welcome to Turkish Statistical Institute(TurkStat)'s Web Pages::", "Census of India : Provisional Population Totals : India :Census 2011", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", Demografía de la lengua española, page 37, "International Programs – People and Households – U.S. Census Bureau", "The 30 Most Spoken Languages in the World", "Variation in palatal production in Buenos Aires Spanish", "A Brief Guide to Regional Variation of the Forms of Address (Tú, Vos, Usted) in Spanish", "Exclusión de ch y ll del abecedario | Real Academia Española", "Association of Spanish Language Academies", "Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española", "Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española", "Academia Nacional de Letras del Uruguay", "Academia Puertorriqueña de la Lengua Española", "Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española", "Academia Ecuatoguineana de la Lengua Española", US now has more Spanish speakers than Spain – only Mexico has more, "Spanish Stress Assignment within the Analogical Modeling of Language", "Does Spanish Have Fewer Words Than English? It comprises the academies of 23 countries, ordered by date of Academy foundation: Spain (1713),[243] Colombia (1871),[244] Ecuador (1874),[245] Mexico (1875),[246] El Salvador (1876),[247] Venezuela (1883),[248] Chile (1885),[249] Peru (1887),[250] Guatemala (1887),[251] Costa Rica (1923),[252] Philippines (1924),[253] Panama (1926),[254] Cuba (1926),[255] This too tended to assimilate with modern Spanish, during the Spanish occupation of the region. [49] The language also has a strong influence in major metropolitan areas such as those of Los Angeles, Miami, San Antonio, New York, San Francisco, Dallas, and Phoenix; as well as more recently, Chicago, Las Vegas, Boston, Denver, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Salt Lake City, Atlanta, Nashville, Orlando, Tampa, Raleigh and Baltimore-Washington, D.C. due to 20th- and 21st-century immigration. Click or call 919-736-6617 to learn more. Exceptions to those rules are indicated by an acute accent mark over the vowel of the stressed syllable. [219][220][221][222] However, the variety used in the media is that of Madrid's educated classes, where southern traits are less evident, in contrast with the variety spoken by working-class Madrid, where those traits are pervasive. National La Prensa Austral (Punta Arenas) LL For Spanish and Portuguese, that figure is 89%. [44] In many border towns and villages along Paraguay and Uruguay, a mixed language known as Portuñol is spoken.[45]. Most of Spain maintains the formal/familiar distinction with ustedes and vosotros respectively. It is used to convey respect toward someone who is a generation older or is of higher authority ("you, sir"/"you, ma'am"). Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, is such a well-known reference in the world that Spanish is often called la lengua de Cervantes ("the language of Cervantes").[30]. Government Llibre dels fets). : There are 501,043 people who speak another language as mother tongue: There are 150,200 people who speak another language as mother tongue, 95.10% of the population speaks Spanish (. Home/Family Infoplease | Consular Information Sheet | Lottery 155 : PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES and CODES : CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY", "New Prospects for the Spanish Language in the Philippines", "PNoy (President Benigno Aquino III) and Spain's Queen Sofia welcome return of Spanish language in Philippine schools", "Spanish Influence on Language, Culture, and Philippine History", "The Influence of German on the Lexicon of Palauan and Kosraean (Dissertation)", Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003, "John B. Dalbor's Voice Files to Accompany, "Most Studied Foreign Languages in the U.S", "US now has more Spanish speakers than Spain – only Mexico has more", es:Anexo:Hablantes de español según Ethnologue (edición 18), "Spanish Thrives in the U.S. In Africa, Spanish is official in Equatorial Guinea (alongside French and Portuguese), where it is the predominant language, while Fang is the most spoken language by number of native speakers. News Photos Most Spanish speakers are in Hispanic America; of all countries with a majority of Spanish speakers, only Spain and Equatorial Guinea are outside the Americas. [22], There are other hypotheses apart from the one suggested by the Royal Spanish Academy. auricula), Old Spanish produced [ʒ], that in Modern Spanish became the velar fricative [x] (hijo, oreja, where neighboring languages have the palatal lateral [ʎ] (e.g. [17] Despite its large number of speakers, Spanish does not feature prominently in scientific writing and technology, though it is better represented in the humanities and social sciences. [58] In 2010, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo encouraged the reintroduction of Spanish-language teaching in the Philippine education system. RENO, Nev. — Nevada health officials have confirmed the state’s first known case of a coronavirus variant that was originally identified in … Weather Underground | (vosotros) > pensá! It is the world's second-most spoken native language after Mandarin Chinese, and the world's fourth … Formerly the digraphs ⟨ch⟩ (che, representing the phoneme /t͡ʃ/) and ⟨ll⟩ (elle, representing the phoneme /ʎ/ or /ʝ/), were also considered single letters. And in Central American voseo, one can see even further distinction. The use of the pronoun vos with the verb forms of tú (vos piensas) is called "pronominal voseo". Podcasts, Cities (57) Its latest annual report "El español en el mundo 2018" (Spanish in the world 2018) counts 577 million Spanish speakers worldwide. Media Watchdogs, Www.headlinespot Depending on the written norm used (see Reintegrationism). Weather 10. [14][13] Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages such as French, Italian, Mozarabic, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian, as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas. : There are 14,100 people who speak other language as their mother tongue (main language, Kekchí with 12,300 speakers): There are 490,124 people who speak another language, mainly Mískito (154,000). Weather Underground | (vos) . Weather.com | In most dialects it has been merged with /ʝ/ in the merger called yeísmo. Yahoo! Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport, Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, Hartsfield–Jackson or by its airport code ATL is the primary international airport serving Atlanta, Georgia.The airport is located 7 mi (11 km) south of the Downtown Atlanta district. The noun and adjective systems exhibit two genders and two numbers. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 uses the term castellano to define the official language of the whole Spanish State in contrast to las demás lenguas españolas (lit. 5. noialtri in many Southern Italian dialects and languages. The Spanish phonemic system is originally descended from that of Vulgar Latin. 6. In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only español but also castellano (Castilian), the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan. Science Today, it is a global language with nearly 500 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas. > Americas In Chilean voseo on the other hand, almost all verb forms are distinct from their standard tú-forms. [41], Due to their proximity to Spanish-speaking countries, Trinidad and Tobago and Brazil have implemented Spanish language teaching into their education systems. Stress tends to occur as follows:[75][better source needed]. Spanish philologist Menéndez Pidal suggested that the classic hispanus or hispanicus took the suffix -one from Vulgar Latin, as it happened with other words such as bretón (Breton) or sajón (Saxon). S1601. Tiempos del Mundo (Santiago) LL, Business The educated variety of Madrid is indicated by many as the one that has most influenced the written standard for Spanish. Political Resources | El Sur (Concepción) LL Internet Broadcasts According to 2006 census data, 44.3 million people of the U.S. population were Hispanic or Hispanic American by origin;[46] 38.3 million people, 13 percent of the population over five years old speak Spanish at home. [43] In September 2016 this law was revoked by Michel Temer after impeachment of Dilma Rousseff. Religion Conversely, the use of the verb forms of vos with the pronoun tú (tú pensás or tú pensái) is called "verbal voseo". The verb forms of general voseo are the same as those used with tú except in the present tense (indicative and imperative) verbs. [223], The four main phonological divisions are based respectively on (1) the phoneme /θ/ ("theta"), (2) the debuccalization of syllable-final /s/, (3) the sound of the spelled ⟨s⟩, (4) and the phoneme /ʎ/ ("turned y"),[224]. Chile LL, Weather Technology Some words can be significantly different in different Hispanophone countries. Mutual intelligibility between Spanish and French or between Spanish and Romanian is lower still, given lexical similarity ratings of 75% and 71% respectively. The main allophonic variation among vowels is the reduction of the high vowels /i/ and /u/ to glides—[j] and [w] respectively—when unstressed and adjacent to another vowel. [62] The number of Chavacano-speakers was estimated at 1.2 million in 1996. [60] Today, Spanish is virtually extinct in the Philippines, with less than 0.5% of the population being able to speak the language proficiently. [citation needed]. In the following table of consonant phonemes, /ʎ/ is marked with an asterisk (*) to indicate that it is preserved only in some dialects. There are 207,750 people who speak another language, mainly Garifuna (98,000). Accent marks used to be omitted on capital letters (a widespread practice in the days of typewriters and the early days of computers when only lowercase vowels were available with accents), although the Real Academia Española advises against this and the orthographic conventions taught at schools enforce the use of the accent. ... Las demás lenguas españolas serán también oficiales en las respectivas Comunidades Autónomas... Disaster Stations Usted is the usual second-person singular pronoun in a formal context, but it is used jointly with the third-person singular voice of the verb. Polls [73][74] There are no syntactic markers to distinguish between questions and statements and thus, the recognition of declarative or interrogative depends entirely on intonation. Factory Nachos. Alternatively nous autres in French. El Mercurio LL | The indicative mood is the unmarked one, while the subjunctive mood expresses uncertainty or indetermination, and is commonly paired with the conditional, which is a mood used to express "would" (as in, "I would eat if I had food); the imperative is a mood to express a command, commonly a one word phrase – "¡Di! World Bank. Spanish speakers older than 5 years old (, 40,872,286 people is the census population result for 2010. 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These languages included Basque ( still spoken today ), Iberian, Celtiberian and Gallaecian for the español. Are introduced with inverted question and exclamation marks ( ¿ and ¡, respectively.! Hypotheses apart from the 9th century by immigrant communities in other European countries, such as one. Called voseo to the risk of assimilation by modern Castilian for ⟨ll⟩. [ 34 ] native after. Marks ( ¿ and ¡, respectively ). [ 19 ] nonprofit organization created by the government!